Plate Boundary Processes
Tectonic plate boundary processes including subduction zones, rifted margins, ocean spreading centers, and transform faults.
|Stable isotope geochemistry, metamorphism and volatile transport in subduction zones, fluid-rock interaction and metasomatism, geochemical cycling, stable chlorine isotopes|
|mantle convection; plate tectonics; structural seismology; numerical modeling; earthquakes; fluid dynamics|
|Can also see https://www.catlos.work/
My primary research focus is geochemistry, and how the fundamentals of chemistry (mineral reactions, radiogenic and stable isotopes, major and trace elements) can be and are used to understand what the Earth was like in the past. In this, I have ...|
|– Marine and planetary geophysical imaging at nested resolutions and ground truth through drilling, coring, logging, and sampling.|
– Tectonic processes, tectonic-climate interactions, and geohazards of convergent margins and transitional tectonic environments.
– Role of catastrophism in the geologic record including impact cratering, hurricanes, and tectonic events.
– Planetary habitability, impact ...
|Tectonics of sedimentary basins, evolution of orogenic systems, sediment provenance and routing systems, nonmarine depositional processes.|
|Earth's origin and evolution, isotope and trace element geochemistry, the role of crust and lithospheric mantle recycling in the generation of mantle chemical heterogeneity, the origin and distribution of water and other volatile elements in the Earth's interior, and the thermal and chemical evolution of the Earth's core and core/...|
|Tectonics; the structural and geodynamical evolution of continental and oceanic rifts, as well as collisional environments; numerical techniques to model tectonic processes on crustal and lithospheric scales; deformation; subduction|
|Active tectonics, fault/sediment mechanics, geohydrology.|
|Thermo-/Geochronology, Tectonics and Structural Geology, Isotopic Provenance Analysis, Archeometry, Geothermal Exploration, and Thermal Maturation|
|Deep volatile cycling; magmatic and metamorphic processes; planetary differentiation and habitability|
|Ore deposits geology, mineral resources and society, geology and supply chains of critical materials, minerals exploration and evaluation, industrial mineral resources, origin of ore-forming fluids in sedimentary environments, fluid inclusions, stable isotopes, salt dome cap rock formation, surficial processes and earth resource formation, high resolution X-ray computed tomography applications to ...|
|Structural petrology, field-oriented structural geology, the evolution of complexly deformed terranes, strain analysis, deformation mechanisms, the interaction between chemical and physical processes during deformation|
|Research on mantle evolution using tools of mineralogy, petrology, and geochemistry.|
|Marine geology and geophysics, active-source seismology, physical oceanography, coastal processes.|
|Marine electromagnetic imaging to study dynamic Earth processes associated with marine geohazards and resources.
Research Interests: (1) The interplay between mantle plumes, submarine freshwater, and marine biodiversity in volcanic systems. (2) Hot-spot mantle plume geodynamics and submarine volcanism. (3) Slab rollback-driven toroidal and poloidal mantle flows at back-arc subduction zones and their role ...|
|Stratigraphic evolution of a wide range of marine and lacustrine environments around the world|
|Shuoshuo is interested in the structure, tectonic processes, and related hazards at subduction zones, and the formation and evolution of oceanic lithosphere. She uses active source seismic data to image the detailed structures of the sediment, oceanic crust and uppermost mantle. She also integrates seismic data with ocean drilling data ...|
|Marine geophysics, plate tectonics, magnetics, gravity, heat flow, seismic studies, paleogeographic reconstructions of Gondwana, the Polar Regions, East Asia, and the Western Pacific|
|Petrography and geochemistry of siliciclastic rocks; diagenesis; electron microbeam methods: X-ray mapping, cathodoluminescence imaging; micro-scale reservoir characterization|
|Tectonic geomorphology, stratigraphy, and paleogeodesy/paleoseismology at convergent plate margins
Paleoclimate, fossil corals as a proxy for past sea-surface temperatures. Corals as recorders of relative sea level for vertical tectonics and sea-level history.|
|Fracture analysis and structural diagenesis
Brittle structural petrology
Fractured carbonate rocks
Tectonics and metamorphism of subduction zones|
|Van Avendonk is an active-source seismologist who specializes in the acquisition and inversion of seismic refraction data on land and at sea. Often these seismic refraction data are used for a tomographic inversion. The resultant seismic velocity models help us to interpret the composition of the Earth’s crust and ...|
|Crustal deformation, GPS/Geodesy, active plate boundary processes, subduction tectonics, geohazards|
|Graduate studies were focused on igneous processes, magmatism and related formation of ore deposits. Professional career included exploration for base and precious metal ore deposits, coal assessment and development, and research, exploration and development in the upstream sector of the oil and gas business. Managerial positions led to development of ...|
|Plate tectonics, structural evolution of continental margins, reconciliation of observations from structural geology with regional tectonics|