In the list below, underline designates undergraduate or graduate student or post-doc author.

The links will take you to the publisher’s website or the pdf of the manuscript.

Peer-reviewed journal articles


Buskirk, R. E., P. S. K. Knappett, M. B. Cardenas, S. Datta, W. Borowski, and I. Mendoza-Sanchez, A low-cost programable reversing flow column apparatus for investigating mixing zones, Groundwater, doi:10.1111/gwat.13359, 2024.

Huang, Y., J. Evaristo, Z. Li, K. P. Chun, E. H. Sutanudjaja, M. B. Cardenas, M. F. P. Bierkens, J. W. Kirchner, and M. Th. Van Genuchten, The nature and extent of bomb tritium remaining in deep vadose zone: a synthesis and prognosis, Vadose Zone Journal, doi:10.1002/vzj2.20304, 2024.

Varner, T. S., H. V. Kulkarni, K. Kwak, M. B. Cardenas, P. S. K. Knappett, and S. Datta, Diverse sedimentary organic matter within the river-aquifer interface drives arsenic mobility along the Meghna River Corridor in Bangladesh, Applied Geochemistry, 161, doi:10.1016/j.apgeochem.2023.105883, 2024.


Guimond, J. A., C. Demir, B. L Kurylyk, M. A .Walvoord, J. W. McClelland,  and M. B. Cardenas, Wind-modulated groundwater discharge along a microtidal Arctic coastline, Environmental Research Letters, 18(9), doi:10.1088/1748-9326/acf0d8, 2023.

Jewell, K., K. D. Myers, M. Lipsi, S. Hossain, S. Datta, M. B. Cardenas, J. Aitkenhead-Peterson, T. Varner, K. Kwak, A. Raymond, S. Akhter, K. M. Ahmed, and P. S. K. Knappett, Redox trapping of arsenic in hyporheic zones modified by silicate weathering beneath floodplains, Applied Geochemistry, 159, doi:10.1016/j.apgeochem.2023.105831, 2023.

Liao, F., M. B. Cardenas, X. Chen, and G. Wang, Riverine groundwater discharge estimation in a dynamic river corridor using 222Rn, Hydrological Processes, 37(1), doi:10.1002/hyp.14788, 2023.

Turețcaia, A. B., V. A. Garayburu-Caruso, M. H. Kaufman, R. E. Danczak, J. C. Stegen, R. K. Chu, J. G. Toyoda, M. B. Cardenas, and E. B. Graham, Rethinking aerobic respiration in the hyporheic zone under variation in carbon and nitrogen stoichiometry, Environmental Science & Technology, 57, 15499-15510, doi:10.1021/acs.est.3c04765, 2023.

Varner, T. S., H. V. Kulkarni, M. U. Bhuiyan, M. B. Cardenas, P. S. K. Knappett, and S. Datta, Mineralogical associations of sedimentary arsenic within a contaminated aquifer determined through thermal treatment and spectroscopy, Minerals, 13(7), doi:10.3390/min13070889, 2023.


Huang, Y., P. S. K. Knappett, M. Berube. S. Datta, M. B. Cardenas. K. A. Rhodes, N. T. Dimova, I. Choudhury, K. M. Ahmed, and A. van Geen, Mass fluxes of dissolved arsenic discharging to the Meghna River are sufficient to account for the mass of arsenic in riverbank sediments, Journal of Contaminant Hydrology, 251, doi:10.1016/j.jconhyd.2022.104068, 2022.

Lee, A., A. F. Aubeneau, M. B. Cardenas, and X. Liu, Hyporheic exchange due to cobbles on sandy beds, Water Resources Research, 58(1), doi: 10.1029/2021WR030164, 2022.

Varner, T. S., H. V. Kulkarni, W. D. Nguyen, K. Kwak, M. B. Cardenas, P. S. K. Knappett, A. S. Ojeda, N. Malina, M. U. Bhuiyan, K. M. Ahmed, and S. Datta, Contribution of sedimentary organic matter to arsenic mobilization along a potential natural reactive barrier (NRB) near a river: the Meghna River, Bangladesh, Chemosphere, 308, doi:10.1016/j.chemosphere.2022.136289, 2022.

Wang, L., M. B. Cardenas, T. Wang, J.-Q. Zhou, L. Zheng, Y.-F. Chen, and X. Chen, The effect of permeability on Darcy-to-Forchheimer flow transition, Journal of Hydrology, 610, doi:10.1016/j.jhydrol.2022.127836, 2022.

Xu, B., M. B. Cardenas, I. R. Santos, W. C. Burnett, M. A. Charette, V. Rodellas, S. Li, E. Lian, and Z. Yu, Closing the global marine 226Ra budget reveals the biological pump as a dominant removal flux, Geophysical Research Letters, 49(12), doi:10.1029/2022GL098087, 2022.


Correa, R. E., M. B. Cardenas, R. S. Rodolfo, M. R. Lapus, K. L. Davis, A. B. Giles, J. C. Fullon, M. Hajati, N. Moosdorf, C. J. Sanders, and I. R. Santos, Submarine groundwater discharge releases CO2 to a coral reef, ACS ES&T Water, 1(8), 1756–1764, doi:10.1021/acsestwater.1c00104, 2021.

Ferencz, S. B., M. B. Cardenas, and B. T. Neilson, Aerobic respiration in riparian exchange zones of regulated river corridors, Hydrological Processes, 35(11), doi:10.1002/hyp.14386, 2021.

Ferencz, S. B., S. Muñoz, B. T. Neilson, and M. B. Cardenas, Riverbed temperature and heat transport in a hydropeaked river, Water Resources Research, 57(4), doi:10.1029/2021WR029609, 2021.

Flinker, R. H., M. B. Cardenas, T. G. Caldwell, G. N. Flerchinger, R. Rich, and P. B. Reich, Promise and pitfalls of modeling grassland soil moisture in a free-air CO2 enrichment experiment (BioCON) using the SHAW model, Pedosphere, 31(5), 783-795, doi: 10.1016/S1002-0160(21)60037-1, 2021.

Guiltinan, E. J., J. E. Santos, M. B. Cardenas, D. N. Espinoza, and Q. Kang, Two-phase fluid flow properties of rough fractures with heterogeneous wettability: analysis with lattice Boltzmann simulations, Water Resources Research, 57(1), doi:10.1029/2020WR027943, 2021.

Kaufman, M., J. Warden, M. B. Cardenas, J. Stegen, E. Graham, and J. Brown, Evaluating a laboratory flume microbiome as a window into natural riverbed biogeochemistry, Frontiers in Water, 30, doi: 10.3389/frwa.2021.596260, 2021.

Lee, A., A. F. Aubeneau, X. Liu, and M. B. Cardenas, Hyporheic exchange in sand dunes under a freely deforming river water surface, 57(3), doi:10.1029/2020WR028817, Water Resources Research, 2021.

Liao, F., M. B. Cardenas, S. Ferencz, X. Chen, and G. Wang, Tracing bank storage and hyporheic exchange dynamics using 222Rn: Virtual and field tests and comparisons with other tracers, Water Resources Research, 57(5), doi: 10.1029/2020WR028960, 2021.

Pedrazas, M. N., M. B. Cardenas, A. Hossain, C. Demir, K. M. Ahmed, S. H. Akhter, L. Wang, S. Datta, and P. S. K. Knappett, Application of electrical resistivity to map the stratigraphy and salinity of fluvio-deltaic aquifers: case studies from Bangladesh reveal benefits and pitfalls, Hydrogeology Journal, doi:10.1007/s10040-021-02342-y, 2021.

Sobolevskaia, V., M. B. Cardenas, A. K. Hasanov, and P. S. K. Knappett, Aquifer diffusivity estimation through joint inversion of the amplitude ratios and time lags of dominant frequencies of fluctuating head, Water Resources Research, 57(6), doi: 10.1029/2020WR027912, 2021.

Yuan, Y., X. Chen, M. B. Cardenas, X. Liu, and L. Chen, Hyporheic exchange driven by submerged rigid vegetation: a numerical study, Water Resources Research, 57(6), doi: 10.1029/2019WR026675, 2021.

Zamora, P. B., M. B. Cardenas, and P. L. M. Cook, Groundwater-surface water interactions in a river estuary and the importance of geomorphology: Insights from hydraulic, thermal and geophysical observations, Hydrological Processes, 35(10), doi:10.1020/hyp.14372, 2021.

Zlotnik, V. A., K. D. Cole, M. B. Cardenas, and A. V. Zlotnik, Enabling the application of large footprint open-bottom permeameters through new shape factors, Water Resources Research, 57(5), doi: 10.1029/2020WR029315, 2021.


Cardenas, M. B., R. S. Rodolfo, M. R. Lapus, H. B. Cabria, J. Fullon, G. R. Gojunco, D. O. Breecker, D. M. Cantarero, J. Evaristo, F. P. Siringan, and T. Zhang, Submarine groundwater and vent discharge in a volcanic area associated with coastal acidification, Geophysical Research Letters, 47(1), doi:10.1029/2019GL085730, 2020.

Connolly, C. T., M. B. Cardenas, G. A. Burkart, R. G. M. Spencer, and J. W. McClelland, Groundwater as a major source of dissolved organic matter to Arctic coastal waters, Nature Communications, 11, 1479, doi: 10.1038/s41467-020-15250-8, 2020.

Chen, J., Y. Wu, M. O’ Connor, M. B. Cardenas, K. Schaefer, R. Michaelides, and G. W. Kling, InSAR reveals factors affecting soil active layer freeze-thaw and water storage patterns above continuous permafrost on the North Slope of Alaska, Remote Sensing of Environment, 248, 112007, doi: 10.1016/j.rse.2020.112007, 2020.

Lee, A., A. F. Aubeneau, and M. B. Cardenas, The sensitivity of hyporheic exchange to fractal properties of riverbedsWater Resources Research, 56(5), doi: 10.1029/2019WR026560, 2020.

Li, B., X. Liu, M. H. Kaufman, A. Turetcaia, X. Chen, M. B. Cardenas, Flexible and modular simultaneous modeling of flow and reactive transport in hyporheic zones, Water Resources Research, 56(2), doi: 10.1029/2019WR026528, 2020.

O’Connor, M. T., M. B. Cardenas, S. B. Ferencz, Y. Wu, B. T. Neilson, J. Chen, and G. W. Kling, Empirical models for predicting water and heat flow properties of permafrost soils, Geophysical Research Letters, 47(11), doi: 10.1029/2020GL087646, 2020.

Pedrazas, M. N., M. B. Cardenas, C. Demir, J. A. Watson, C. T. Connolly, and J. W. McClelland, Absence of ice-bonded permafrost beneath an Arctic lagoon, Science Advances, 6(43), doi: 10.1126/sciadvc.abb5083, 2020.

Wang, L., M. B. Cardenas, J. Zhou, and R. A. Ketcham, The complexity of nonlinear flow and non-Fickian transport in fractures driven by three-dimensional recirculation zones, Journal of Geophysical Research-Solid Earth, 125(9), doi:10.1029/2020JB020028, 2020.

Zeng, C., W. Deng, and M. B. Cardenas, Resonance of droplets in constricted capillary tubes: critical factors and nonlinearity, Physical Review Fluids, 5(8)doi: 10.1103/PhysRevFluids.5.083604, 2020.


Cantarero, D. L. M., A. Blanco, M. B. Cardenas, K. Nadaoka, and F. P. Siringan, Offshore submarine groundwater discharge at a coral reef front controlled by faults, Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 20(7), 3170-3185, doi:10.1029/2019GC008310, 2019.

Ferencz, S. B., M. B. Cardenas, and B. T. Neilson, Analysis of the effects of dam release properties and ambient groundwater flow on surface water‐groundwater exchange over a 100‐km-long reach, Water Resources Research, 55(11), 8526-8546, doi:10.1029/2019WR025210, 2019.

O’Connor, M. T., M. B. Cardenas, K. D. Nicholaides, B. T. Neilson, and G. W. Kling, Active layer groundwater flow: the interrelated effects of stratigraphy, thaw, and topography, Water Resources Research, 55(8), 6555-6576, doi: 10.1029/2018WR024636, 2019.

Wang, L., and M. B. Cardenas, Analysis of permeability change in dissolving rough fractures using depth-averaged flow and reactive transport models, International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control, 91, 102824, doi:10.1016/j.ijggc.2019.102824, 2019.

Zheng, L., M. B. Cardenas, L. Wang, and D. Mohrig, Ripple effects: bedform morphodynamics cascading into hyporheic zone biogeochemistryWater Resources Research, 55(8), 7320-7342, doi:10.1029/2018WR023517, 2019.

Zhou, J., Y. Chen, L. Wang,  and M. B. Cardenas, Universal relationship between viscous and inertial permeability of geologic porous media, Geophysical Research Letters, 46, 1441–1448. doi:10.1029/2018GL081413, 2019.

Zhou, J., Y. Chen, H. Tang, L. Wang, and M. B. Cardenas, Disentangling the simultaneous effects of inertial losses and fracture dilation on permeability of pressurized fractured rocks, Geophysical Research Letters, 46, 8862-8871, doi: 10.1029/2019GL083355, 2019.

Zhou, J., L. Wang, Y. Chen, and M. B. Cardenas, Mass transfer between recirculation and main flow zones: Is physically-based parameterization possible?, Water Resources Research, 55(1), 345-362, doi:10.1029/2018WR023124 2019.


Chen, X., M. B. Cardenas, and L. Chen, Hyporheic exchange driven by three-dimensional sandy bedforms: sensitivity to and prediction from bedform geometry, Water Resources Research, 54(6), 4131-4149, doi:10.1029/2018WR022663, 2018.

Guiltinan, E. J., D. N. Espinoza, L. Cockrell, and M. B. Cardenas, Textural and compositional controls on mudrock breakthrough pressure and permeability, Advances in Water Resources, 121, 162-172, doi: 10.1016/j.advwatres.2018.08.014, 2018.

Moldwin, M. B., F. Florindo, G. Okin, A. Robock, E. J. Rohling, M. B. Cardenas, A. Carlton, K. H. Chen, M. Crucifix, A. Gettelman, A. Hubbard, T. Katsura, and T. H. Painter, When and how to write a high-impact review paper: lessons from eight years of editorial board service to Reviews of Geophysics, Reviews of Geophysics, 55(4), 860-863, doi:10.1002/2017RG000587, 2018.

Neilson, B. T., M. B. Cardenas, M. T. O’Connor, M. T. Rasmussen, T. V. King, and G. W. Kling, Groundwater flow and exchange across the land surface explain carbon export patterns in continuous permafrost watersheds, Geophysical Research Letters, 45(15), 7596-7605, doi: 10.1029/2018GL078140, 2018.

Wang, L., and M. B. Cardenas, Connecting pressure-saturation and relative permeability models to fracture properties: the case of capillary-dominated flow of supercritical CO2 and brine, Water Resources Research, 54, 6965–6982, doi: 10.1029/2018WR023526, 2018.

Watson, J. A., M. B. Cardenas, S. B. Ferencz, P. S. K. Knappett, and B. T. Neilson, The effects of floods on the temperature of riparian groundwater, Hydrological Processes, 32(9), doi:10.1002/hyp.11504, 2018.

Zheng, L., and M. B. Cardenas, Diel stream temperature effects on nitrogen cycling in hyporheic zonesJournal of Geophysical Research-Biogeosciences, 123, 2743-2760, doi:10.1029/2018JG004412, 2018.


Bass, B. J., M. B. Cardenas, and K. M. Befus, Seasonal shifts in soil moisture throughout a semi-arid hillslope ecotone during drought: a geoelectrical view, Vadose Zone Journal, 16(2), doi:10.2136/vzj2016.11.0108, 2017.

Befus, K. M., S. Jasechko, E. Luijendijk, T. Gleeson, and M. B. Cardenas, The rapid yet uneven turnover of Earth’s groundwater, Geophysical Research Letters, 44(11), 5511-5520, doi:10.1002/2017GL073322, 2017.

Ferencz, S. B., and M. B. Cardenas, Diel stream temperature regimes of Bukovsky regions of the conterminous United States, Geophysical Research Letters, 44(5), 2264–2271, doi:10.1002/2017GL072641, 2017.

Gomez-Velez, J. D., J. L. Wilson, M. B. Cardenas, and J. W. Harvey, Flow and residence times of dynamic river bank storage and sinuosity-driven hyporheic exchange, Water Resources Research, 53(10), 8572–8595, doi:10.1002/2017WR021362, 2017.

Guiltinan, E. J., M. B. Cardenas, P. C. Bennett, T. Zhang, and D. N. Espinoza, The effect of organic matter and thermal maturity on the wettability of supercritical CO2 on organic shales, International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control, 65, 15-22, doi:10.1016/j.ijggc.2017.08.006, 2017.

Hester, E. T., M. B. Cardenas, R. Haggerty, and S. Apte, The importance and challenge of hyporheic mixing, Water Resources Research, 53(5), 3565–3575, doi:10.1002/2016WR02000, 2017.

Jasechko, S., D. Perrone, K. M. Befus, M. B. Cardenas, G. Ferguson, T. Gleeson, E. Luijendijk, J. J. McDonnell, R. G. Taylor, Y. Wada, and J. W. Kirchner, Global aquifers dominated by fossil groundwaters but vulnerable to modern contamination, Nature Geoscience, 10, 425–429, doi:10.1038/ngeo2943, 2017.

Kaufman, M. H., M. B. Cardenas, J. Buttles, A. J. Kessler and P. L. M. Cook, Hyporheic hot moments: dissolved oxygen dynamics in the hyporheic zone in response to surface flow perturbationsWater Resources Research, 53(8), 6642-6662, doi:10.1002/2016WR020296, 2017.

Shuai, P., P. S. K. Knappett, S. Hossain, A. Hosain, K. Rhodes, K. M. Ahmed, and M. B. Cardenas, The impact of the degree of aquifer confinement and anisotropy on tidal pulse propagation, Groundwater, 55(4), 519-531, doi:10.1111/gwat.1250, 2017.

Shuai, P., M. B. Cardenas, P. S. K. Knappett, P. C. Bennett, and B. T. Neilson, Denitrification in the banks of fluctuating rivers: the effects of river stage amplitude, sediment hydraulic conductivity and dispersivity, and ambient groundwater flow, Water Resources Research, 53(9), 7951–7967, doi:10.1002/2017WR020610, 2017.

Tenney, C. M., T. A. Dewers, K. Chaudhary, E. N. Matteo, M. B. Cardenas, and R. T. Cygan, Experimental and simulation study of carbon dioxide, brine, and muscovite surface interactions, Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering, 155, 78-88, doi:10.1016/j.petrol.2016.10.010, 2017.

Wang, L., and M. B. Cardenas, Linear permeability evolution of expanding conduits due to feedback between flow and fast phase-change, Geophysical Research Letters, 44(9), 4116–4123, doi: 10.1002/2017GL073161, 2017.

Wang, L., and M. B. Cardenas, Transition from Non-Fickian to Fickian longitudinal transport through 3-D rough fractures: Scale-(in)sensitivity and roughness dependence,  Journal of Contaminant Hydrology, 198, 1-10, doi:10.1016/j.jconhyd.2017.02.002, 2017.

Zamora, P. B., M. B. Cardenas, R. Lloren, and F. P. Siringan, Seawater-groundwater mixing in and fluxes from coastal sediment overlying discrete fresh seepage zones: a modeling studyJournal of Geophysical Research-Oceans, 122(8), 6565-6582, doi:10.1002/2017JC012769, 2017.


Briody, A. C., M. B. Cardenas, P. C. Bennett, P. Shuai, and P. S. K. Knappett, Groundwater flow, nutrient, and stable isotope dynamics in the parafluvial-hyporheic zone of the regulated Lower Colorado River (Texas) over the course of a small flood, Hydrogeology Journal, 24(4), 923-935, doi: 10.1007/s10040-016-1365-3, 2016.

Cardenas, M. B., A. E. Ford, M. H. Kaufman, A. J. Kessler, and P. L. M. Cook, Hyporheic flow and dissolved oxygen distribution in fish nests: the effects of open channel velocity, permeability patterns, and groundwater upwellingJournal of Geophysical Research-Biogeosciences, 121(12), 3113–3130, doi:10.1002/2016JG003381, 2016.

Gleeson, T., K. M. Befus, E. Luijendijk, S. Jasechko, and M. B. Cardenas, The global volume and distribution of modern groundwater, Nature Geoscience, 9, 161–167, doi:10.1038/ngeo2590, 2016.

Wang, L., and M. B. Cardenas, Development of an empirical model relating permeability and specific stiffness for rough fractures from numerical deformation experiments, Journal of Geophysical Research- Solid Earth, 121(7), 4977-4989, 10.1002/2016JB013004, 2016.

Zheng, L., M. B. Cardenas, and L. Wang, Temperature effects on nitrogen cycling and nitrate removal-production efficiency in bed form-induced hyporheic zones, Journal of Geophysical Research-Biogeosciences, 121(4), 1086-1103, doi:10.1002/2015JG003162, 2016.


Cardenas, M. B., Hyporheic zone hydrologic science: a historical account of its emergence and a prospectus,  Water Resources Research,  51, 3601–3616, doi:10.1002/2015WR017028, 2015.

Cardenas, M. B., P. C. Bennett, P. B. Zamora, K. M. Befus, R. S. Rodolfo, H. B. Cabria, and M. R. Lapus, Devastation of aquifers from tsunami-like storm surge by super typhoon Haiyan, Geophysical Research Letters, 42(8), 2844–2851, doi:10.1002/2015GL063418, 2015.

Chaudhary, K., E. J. Guiltinan, M. B. Cardenas, J. A. Maisano, R. A. Ketcham, and P. C. Bennett, Wettability measurements under reservoir conditions using X-ray imaging with application to the brine-supercritical CO2 system, Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 16, 2858-2864, doi:10.1002/2015GC005936, 2015.

Chen, X., M. B. Cardenas, and L. Chen, Three-dimensional versus two-dimensional bedform-induced hyporheic exchangeWater Resources Research, 51, 2923–2936, doi:10.1002/2014WR016848, 2015.

Deng, W., M. A. Balhoff, and M. B. Cardenas, Influence of dynamic factors on non-wetting fluid snap-off in pores, Water Resources Research, 51, 9182–9189, doi: 10.1002/2015WR017261, 2015.

Gomez-Velez, J. D., J. W. Harvey, M. B. Cardenas, and B. A. KielDenitrification in the Mississippi River network controlled by flow through river bedforms, Nature Geoscience, 8, 941–945doi:10.1038/ngeo2567, 2015.

Kessler, A. J., M. B. Cardenas, and P. L. M. Cook, The negligible effect of bed form migration on denitrification in hyporheic zones of permeable sediments, Journal of Geophysical Research-Biogeosciences, 120(3), 538–548, doi:10.1002/2014JG002852, 2015.

Marshall, J. A., A. J. Castillo, and M. B. Cardenas, The effect of modeling and visualization resources on student understanding of physical hydrology, Journal of Geoscience Education, 63, 126-139, doi:10.5408/14-057.1, 2015.

Partin, J.W., T. M. Quinn, C.-C. Shen, Y. Okumura, M. B. Cardenas, F. P. Siringan, J. L. Banner, K. Lin, H.-M. Hu and F. W. Taylor, Gradual onset and recovery of the Younger Dryas abrupt climate event in the tropics, Nature Communications, 6:8061, doi:10.1038/ncomms9061, 2015.

Wang, L., M. B. Cardenas, D. T. Slottke, R. A. Ketcham, and J. M. Sharp, Jr., Modification of the Local Cubic Law of fracture flow for weak inertia, tortuosity and roughness, Water Resources Research, 51, 2064–2080, doi:10.1002/2014WR015815, 2015.

Wang, L., and M. B. Cardenas, An efficient quasi-3D particle tracking-based approach for transport through fractures with application to dynamic dispersion calculation, Journal of Contaminant Hydrology, 179, 47-54, doi:10.1016/j.jconhyd.2015.05.007, 2015.

Zlotnik, V. A., D. Toundykov, and M. B. Cardenas, An analytical approach for analysis of flow in aquifers with spatially varying top boundary, Ground Water, 53(2), 335-341, doi: 10.1111/gwat.12205, 2015.


Altman, S. J., B. Aminzadeh, M. T. Balhoff, P. C. Bennett, S. L. Bryant, M. B. Cardenas, K. Chaudhary, R. T. Cygan, W. Deng, T. Dewers, D. A. DiCarlo, P. Eichhubl, M. A. Hesse, C. Huh, E. N. Matteo, Y. Mehmani, C. M. Tenney, and H. Yoon, Chemical and hydrodynamic mechanisms for long-term geological carbon storageJournal of Physical Chemistry C,  118 (28), 15103–15113, doi: 10.1021/jp5006764, 2014.

Befus, K. M., M. B. Cardenas, D. R. Tait, and D. V. Erler, Geoelectrical signals of geologic and hydrologic processes in a fringing reef lagoon setting, Journal of Hydrology, 517, 508-520, doi:10.1016/j.jhydrol.2014.05.070, 2014.

Cardenas, M. B., M. Doering, D. S. RivasC. Galdeano, B. T. Neilson, and C. T. Robinson, Analysis of the temperature dynamics of a proglacial river using time-lapse thermal imaging and energy balance modelingJournal of Hydrology, 519, 1963–1973, doi:10.1016/j.jhydrol.2014.09.079, 2014.

Cardenas, M. B. and M. R. KanarekSoil moisture variation and dynamics across a wildfire burn boundary in a loblolly pine (Pinus taeda) forestJournal of Hydrology, 519, 490–502, doi:10.1016/j.jhydrol.2014.07.016, 2014.

Deng, W., M. B. Cardenas, and P. C. Bennett, Extended Roof snap-off for a continuous nonwetting fluid and an example case for supercritical CO2, Advances in Water Resources, 64, 34-46, doi: 10.1016/j.advwatres.2013.12.001, 2014.

Kessler, A. J., M. B. Cardenas, I. R. Santos, and P. L. M. Cook, Enhancement of denitrification in permeable carbonate sediment due to intra-granular porosity: a multi-scale modelling studyGeochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 141, 440-453, doi: 10.1016/j.gca.2014.06.028, 2014.

Kessler, A. J., L. A. Bristow, M. B. Cardenas, R. N. Glud, B. Thamdrup, P. L. M. Cook, The isotope effect of denitrification in permeable sediments, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 133, 156-167, doi: 10.1016/j.gca.2014.02.029, 2014.

Kiel, B. A., and M. B. Cardenas, Lateral hyporheic exchange throughout the Mississippi River network, Nature Geoscience, 7, 413-471, doi:10.1038/ngeo2157, 2014.

Norman, F. A., and M. B. Cardenas, Heat transport in hyporheic zones: an experimental study, Water Resources Research, 50, doi:10.1002/2013WR014673, 2014.

Wang, L., and M. B. Cardenas, Non-Fickian transport through two-dimensional rough fractures: Assessment and prediction, Water Resources Research, 50(2), 871–884, doi: 10.1002/2013WR014459, 2014.


Bardini, L., F. Boano, M. B. Cardenas, A. H. Sawyer, R. Revelli, and L. Ridolfi, Small-scale heterogeneity has negligible effects on nutrient cycling in streambeds, Geophysical Research Letters, 40, doi:10.1002/grl.50224, 2013.

Befus, K. M., M. B. Cardenas, D. V. Erler, I. R. Santos, and B. D. Eyre, Heat transport dynamics at a sandy intertidal zone, Water Resources Research, 49(6), 3770-3786, doi:10.1002/wrcr.20325, 2013.

Chaudhary, K., M. B. Cardenas, W. Deng, and P. C. Bennett, Pore geometry effects on intra-pore viscous to inertial flows and effective hydraulic parameters, Water Resources Research, 49(2), 1149-1162, doi:10.1002/wrcr.20099, 2013.

Chaudhary, K., M. B. Cardenas, W. W. Wolfe, J. A. Maisano, R. A. Ketcham, and P. C. Bennett, Pore-scale trapping of supercritical CO2 and the role of grain wettability and shape, Geophysical Research Letters, 40, doi:10.1002/grl.50658, 2013.

Deng, W., and M. B. Cardenas, Dynamics and dislodgment from pore constrictions of a trapped nonwetting droplet stimulated by seismic waves, Water Resources Research, 49(7), 4206–4218, doi: 10.1002/wrcr.20335, 2013.

Deng, W., M. B. Cardenas, M. F. Kirk, S. J. Altman, and P. C. Bennett, The effect of permeable biofilm on micro- and macro-scale flow and transport in bioclogged pores, Environmental Science & Technology, 47(19), 11092–11098, doi: 10.1021/es402596v, 2013.

Kessler, A. J., R. N. Glud, M. B. Cardenas, and P. L. M. Cook, Transport zonation limits coupled nitrification-denitrification in permeable sediments, Environmental Science & Technology, 47(23),  13404–13411, doi: 10.1021/es403318x, 2013.

Marshall, J. A., A. J. Castillo, and M. B. Cardenas, Assessing student understanding of physical hydrology, Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 17, 829-836, doi:10.5194/hess-17-829-2013, 2013.

Smith, V. B., C. H. David, M. B. Cardenas, and Z.-L. Yang, Climate, river network, and vegetation cover relationships across a climate gradient and their potential for predicting effects of decadal-scale climate change, Journal of Hydrology, 488, 101–109, doi:10.1016/j.jhydrol.2013.02.050, 2013.

Tait, D.R., I. R. Santos, D. V. Erler, K. M. Befus, M. B. Cardenas, and B. D. Eyre, Estimating submarine groundwater discharge in a South Pacific coral reef lagoon using different radioisotope and geophysical approaches, Marine Chemistry, 156, 49-60, doi:10.1016/j.marchem.2013.03.004, 2013.

Wolaver, B. D., L. J. Crossey, K. E. Karlstrom, J. L. Banner, M. B. Cardenas, C. Gutiérrez Ojeda, and J. M. Sharp, Jr., Identifying the origins of and pathways for spring waters in a semi-arid basin using He, Sr, and C isotopes: Cuatrociénegas Basin, Mexico, Geosphere, 9(1), 113-125, doi:10.1130/GES00849, 2013.

Wong, W. W., M. R. Grace, I. Cartwright, M. B. Cardenas, P. B. Zamora, and P. L. M. Cook, Dynamics of groundwater-derived nitrate and nitrous oxide in a tidal estuary from radon mass balance modeling, Limnology and Oceanography, 58(5), 1689-1706, doi:10.4319/lo.2013.58.5.1689, 2013.


Bardini, L., F. Boano, M. B. Cardenas, R. Revelli and L. Ridolfi, Nutrient cycling in bedform induced hyporheic zones, Geochimica Et Cosmochimica Acta, 84, 47-61, doi:10.1016/j.gca.2012.01.025, 2012.

Befus, K. M., M. B. Cardenas, J. B. Ong, and V. A. Zlotnik, Classification and delineation of groundwater-lake interactions in the Nebraska Sand Hills (USA) using electrical resistivity patterns, Hydrogeology Journal, 20(8), 1483-1495, doi:10.1007/s10040-012-0891-x, 2012.

Bingham, Q. G., B. T. Neilson, C. M. U. Neale, and M. B. Cardenas, Application of high resolution remotely sensed data for transient storage modeling parameter estimation, Water Resources Research, 48, W08520, doi:10.1029/2011WR011594, 2012.

Cardenas, M. B., A. M. F. Lagmay, B. J. Andrews, R. S. Rodolfo, H. B. Cabria, P. B. Zamora, and M. R. Lapus, Terrestrial smokers: thermal springs due to hydrothermal convection of groundwater connected to surface water, Geophysical Research Letters, 39, L02403, doi:10.1029/2011GL050475, 2012.

Gomez, J. D., J. L. Wilson, and M. B. Cardenas, Residence time distributions in sinuosity-driven hyporheic zones and their biogeochemical effects, Water Resources Research, 48, W09533,, 2012.

Janssen, F., M. B. Cardenas, A. H. Sawyer, T. Dammrich, J. Krietsch, and D. de Beer, A comparative experimental and multiphysics computational fluid dynamics study of coupled surface-subsurface flow in bedforms, Water Resources Research, 48, W08514, doi:10.1029/2012WR011982, 2012.

Kessler, A. J., R. N. Glud, M. B. Cardenas, M. Larsen, M. Bourke, and P. L. M. Cook, Quantifying denitrification in rippled permeable sands through combined flume experiments and modelling, Limnology and Oceanography, 57(4), 1217-1232, doi:10.4319/lo.2012.57.4.1217, 2012.

Nowinski, J. D., M. B. Cardenas, A. F. Lightbody, T. E. Swanson, and A. H. Sawyer, Hydraulic and thermal response of groundwater-surface water exchange to flooding in an experimental aquifer, Journal of Hydrology, 472–473, 184–192, doi:10.1016/j.jhydrol.2012.09.018, 2012.

Sawyer, A. H., and M. B. Cardenas, Effect of experimental wood addition on hyporheic exchange and thermal dynamics in a losing meadow stream, Water Resources Research, 48, W10537, doi:10.1029/2011WR011776, 2012.

Sawyer, A. H., M. B. Cardenas, and J. Buttles, Hyporheic temperature dynamics and heat exchange near channel-spanning logs, Water Resources Research, 48, W01529, doi:10.1029/2011WR011200, 2012.

Wang, L.,  M. B. Cardenas, W. Deng, and P. C. Bennett, Theory for dynamic longitudinal dispersion in fractures and rivers with Poiseuille flow, Geophysical Research Letters, 39, L05602, doi:10.1029/2012GL051169, 2012.


Andrews, B. J., M. B. Cardenas, and P. C. Bennett, Analysis of turbulent non-isothermal mixing between a jet and cooler ambient water using thermal imagery, Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 12, Q07022, doi:10.1029/2011GC003530, 2011.

Cardenas, M. B., C. M. U. Neale, C. Jaworowski, and H. Heasler, High-resolution mapping of river-hydrothermal water mixing: Yellowstone National Park, International Journal of Remote Sensing, 32(10), 2765 – 2777, doi: 10.1080/01431161003743215, 2011.

Cardenas, M. B., and H. S. Jiang, Wave-driven porewater and solute circulation through rippled elastic sediment under highly transient forcing, Limnology and Oceanography: Fluids and Environments, 1, 23-37, doi: 10.1215/21573698-1151658, 2011.

Cardenas, M. B., and M. S. Markowski, Geo-electrical imaging of hyporheic exchange and mixing of river water and groundwater in a large regulated river, Environmental Science and Technology, 45, 1407–1411, doi:10.1021/es103438a, 2011.

Chaudhary, K., M. B. Cardenas, W. Deng, and P. C. Bennett, The role of eddies inside pores in the transition from Darcy to Forchheimer flows, Geophysical Research Letters, 38, L24405, doi:10.1029/2011GL050214,  2011.

Gerecht, K. E., M. B. Cardenas, A. J. Guswa, A. H. Sawyer, T. E. Swanson, and J. D. Nowinski, Dynamics of hyporheic flow and heat transport across a bed-to-bank continuum in a large regulated river, Water Resources Research, 47, W03524, doi:10.1029/2010WR009794, 2011.

Nowinski, J. D., M. B. Cardenas, and A. F. Lightbody, Evolution of hydraulic conductivity in the floodplain of a meandering river due to hyporheic transport of fine materials, Geophysical Research Letters, 38, L01401, doi:10.1029/2010GL045819, 2011.

Sawyer, A. H., M. B. Cardenas, and J. Buttles, Hyporheic exchange due to channel-spanning logs, Water Resources Research, 47, W08502, doi:10.1029/2011WR010484, 2011.

Senal, M. I. S., G. S. Jacinto, M. L. San Diego-McGlone, F. P. Siringan, P. B. Zamora, L. Soria, M. B. Cardenas, C. Villanoy, and O. Cabrera, Nutrient inputs from submarine groundwater discharge in Santiago Reef Flat, Bolinao, Northwestern Philippines, Marine Pollution Bulletin, 63(5-12), 195-200, doi:10.1016/j.marpolbul.2011.05.037, 2011.

Swanson, T. E., and M. B. Cardenas, Ex-Stream: A MATLAB® program for calculating fluid flux through sediment-water interfaces based on steady and transient temperature profiles, Computers & Geosciences, 37, 1664-1669, doi:10.1016/j.cageo.2010.12.001, 2011.

Zlotnik, V. A., M. B. Cardenas, and D. Toundykov, Effects of multi-scale depth-dependent anisotropy on hyporheic and regional groundwater flow, Ground Water, 49(4), doi:10.1111/j.1745-6584.2010.00775.x, 2011.


Cardenas, M. B., Lessons from and assessment of Boussinesq aquifer modeling of a large fluvial island in a dam-regulated river, Advances in Water Resources, 33(11), 1359-1366, doi:10.1016/j.advwatres.2010.03.015, 2010.

Cardenas, M. B., and X. W. Jiang, Groundwater flow, transport and residence times through topography-driven basins with exponentially decreasing permeability and porosity, Water Resources Research, 46, W11538, doi:10.1029/2010WR009370, 2010.

Cardenas, M. B., P. B. Zamora, F. P. Siringan, M. R. Lapus, R. S. Rodolfo, G. S. Jacinto, M. L. San Diego-McGlone, C. L. Villanoy, O. Cabrera, and M. I. Senal, Linking regional sources and pathways for submarine groundwater discharge at a reef by electrical resistivity tomography, 222Rn, and salinity measurements, Geophysical Research Letters, 37, L16401, doi:10.1029/2010GL044066, 2010.

Cardenas, M. B., Thermal skin effect of pipes in streambeds and its implications on groundwater flux estimation using diurnal temperature signals, Water Resources Research, 46, W03536, doi:10.1029/2009WR008528, 2010.

Francis, B. A., L. K. Francis, and M. B. Cardenas, Water table dynamics and groundwater-surface water interactions during filling and draining of a large fluvial island due to dam-induced river stage fluctuations, Water Resources Research, 46, W07513, doi:10.1029/2009WR008694, 2010.

Jiang, X. W., L. Wan, M. B. Cardenas, S. Ge, and X. S. Wang, Simultaneous rejuvenation and aging of groundwater in topography-driven basins due to depth-decaying poromechanical properties, Geophysical Research Letters, 37, L05403, doi:10.1029/2010GL042387, 2010.

Swanson, T. E., and M. B. Cardenas, Diel heat transport within the hyporheic zone of a pool-riffle-pool sequence of a losing stream and evaluation of models for fluid flux estimation using heat, Limnology and Oceanography, 55(4), 1741-1754, doi:10.4319/lo.2010.55.4.1741, 2010.


Cardenas, M. B., Direct simulation of pore-level Fickian dispersion scale for transport through dense cubic packed spheres with vortices, Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 10, Q12014, doi:10.1029/2009GC002593, 2009.

Cardenas, M. B., Stream-aquifer interactions and hyporheic exchange in gaining and losing sinuous streams, Water Resources Research, 45, W06429, doi:10.1029/2008WR007651, 2009.

Cardenas, M. B., D. T. Slottke, R. A. Ketcham, and J. M. Sharp, Jr., Effects of inertia and directionality on flow and transport in a fracture, Journal of Geophysical Research-Solid Earth, 114, B06204, doi:10.1029/2009JB006336, 2009.

Cardenas, M. B., A model for lateral hyporheic flow based on valley slope and channel sinuosity, Water Resources Research, 45, W01501, doi:10.1029/2008WR007442, 2009.

Dunckel, A. E., M. B. Cardenas, A. H. Sawyer, and P. C. Bennett, High-resolution in-situ thermal imaging of microbial mats at El Tatio Geyser, Chile shows coupling between community color and temperature, Geophysical Research Letters, 36, L23403, doi:10.1029/2009GL041366, 2009.

Sawyer, A. H., and M. B. Cardenas, Hyporheic flow and residence time distributions in heterogeneous cross-bedded sediment, Water Resources Research, 45, W08406, doi:10.1029/2008WR007632, 2009.

Sawyer, A. H., M. B. Cardenas, A. Bomar, and M. Mackey, Impact of dam operations on hyporheic exchange in the riparian zone of a regulated river, Hydrological Processes, 23(15), 2129-2137, doi:10.1002/hyp.7324, 2009.


Cardenas, M. B., The effect of river bend morphology on flow and timescales of surface water-groundwater exchange across pointbars, Journal of Hydrology, 362, 1-2, doi:10.1016/j.jhydrol.2008.08.018, 134-141, 2008.

Cardenas, M. B., P. L. M. Cook, H. Jiang, and P. A. Traykovski, Constraining denitrification in permeable wave-influenced marine sediment using linked hydrodynamic and biogeochemical modeling, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 275(1-2), 127-137, doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2008.08.016, 2008.

Cardenas, M. B., Three-dimensional vortices in single pores and their effects on transport, Geophysical Research Letters, 35, L18402, doi:10.1029/2008GL035343, 2008.

Cardenas, M. B., J. L. Wilson, and R. Haggerty, Residence time of bedform-driven hyporheic exchange, Advances in Water Resources, 31(10), 1382-1386, doi:10.1016/j.advwatres.2008.07.006, 2008.

Cardenas, M. B., Surface water-ground water interface geomorphology leads to scaling of residence times, Geophysical Research Letters, 35, L08402, doi:10.1029/2008GL033753, 2008.

Cardenas, M. B., and M. N. Gooseff, Comparison of hyporheic flow under uncovered and covered channels based on linked surface-ground-water simulations, Water Resources Research, 44, W03418, doi:10.1029/2007WR006506, 2008.

Cardenas, M. B., J. W. Harvey, A. I. Packman, and D. T. Scott, Ground-based thermography of fluvial systems at low and high discharge reveals complex thermal heterogeneity driven by flow variation and bioroughness, Hydrological Processes, 22, 980-986, 2008.

Vivoni, E. R., A. J. Rinehart, L. A. Méndez-Barroso, C. A. Aragón, G. Bisht, M. B. Cardenas, E. Engle, B. A. Forman, M. D. Frisbee, H. A. Gutiérrez-Jurado, S.-H. Hong, T. H. Mahmood, K. Tai, and R. L. Wyckoff, Vegetation controls on soil moisture distribution in the Valles Caldera, New Mexico, during the North American Monsoon, Ecohydrology, 1(3), 225-238, doi:10.1002/eco.11, 2008.


Cardenas, M. B., and J. L. Wilson, Thermal regime of sediments in channels under gaining and losing conditions, Journal of Geophysical Research -Biogeosciences, 112, G04013, doi:10.1029/2007JG000485, 2007.

Cardenas, M. B., and J. L. Wilson, Exchange across a sediment-water interface with ambient groundwater discharge, Journal of Hydrology, 346, 3-4, doi:10.1016/j.jhydrol.2007.08.019, 69-80, 2007.

Cardenas, M. B., and J. L. Wilson, The effects of current-bedform induced fluid flow on the thermal regime of sediments, Water Resources Research,43, W08431, doi:10.1029/2006WR005343, 2007.

Cardenas, M. B., and J. L. Wilson, Dunes, turbulent eddies, and interfacial exchange with permeable sediments, Water Resources Research, 43, W08412, doi:10.1029/2006WR005787, 2007.

Cardenas, M. B., D. T. Slottke, R. A. Ketcham, and J. M. Sharp, Jr., Navier-Stokes flow and transport simulations using real fractures shows heavy tailing due to eddies, Geophysical Research Letters, 34, L14404, doi:10.1029/2007GL030545, 2007.

Cardenas, M. B., Potential contribution of topography-driven regional groundwater flow to fractal stream chemistry: residence time distribution analysis of Toth flow, Geophysical Research Letters, 34, L05403, doi:10.1029/2006GL029126, 2007.

Cardenas, M. B., and J. L. Wilson, Hydrodynamics of coupled flow above and below a sediment-water interface with triangular bed forms: underflow case, Advances in Water Resources, 30, 301-313, doi:10.1016/j.advwatres.2006.06.009, 2007.

2006 and prior

Cardenas, M. B., and J. L. Wilson, The influence of ambient groundwater discharge on exchange zones induced by current–bedform interactions, Journal of Hydrology, 331, doi:10.1016/j.jhydrol.2006.05.012, 103-109, 2006.

Cardenas, M. B., and J. L. Wilson, Comment on “Flow resistance and bed form geometry in a wide alluvial channel” by Shu-Qing Yang, Soon-Keat Tan and Siow-Ying Lim, Water Resources Research, 42, W06601, doi:10.1029/2005WR004663, 2006.

Cardenas, M. B., J. L. Wilson, and V. A. Zlotnik, Impacts of heterogeneity, bed forms, and stream curvature on subchannel hyporheic exchange, Water Resources Research, 40, W08307, doi: 10.1029/2004WR003008, 2004.

Cardenas, M. B., and V. A. Zlotnik, Three-dimensional model of modern channel bend deposits, Water Resources Research, 39(6), 1441, doi:10.1029/2002WR001383, 2003.

Cardenas, M. B., and V. A. Zlotnik, A simple constant-head injection test for streambed hydraulic conductivity estimation, Ground Water, 41(6), 867-871, 2003.

Book chapters

Lawler, D., M. B. Cardenas, G. Old, and D. Sear, Geomorphology and Sediments of the Hyporheic Zone, In The Hyporheic Handbook: A handbook on the groundwater–surface water interface and hyporheic zone for environment managers, UK Environment Agency, pp 16-47, 2009.

Cardenas, M. B., and J. L. Wilson, Driving while under the influence: pumping-driven circulation under the influence of regional groundwater flow, in A New Focus on Groundwater–Seawater Interactions (Proceedings of Symposium HS1001 at IUGG2007, Perugia, July 2007), edited by Ward Sanford, Christian Langevin, Maurizio Polemio & Pavel Povinec. IAHS Publ. 312, 229-236, 2007.